The relationship of french explorers with the northern united states and canada

European colonization of the Americas There are reports of contact made before the voyages of Christopher Columbus and the age of discovery between First NationsInuit and those from other continents. The Norsewho had settled Greenland and Iceland, arrived around the year and built a small settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows at the northernmost tip of Newfoundland carbon dating estimate — CE [31] L'Anse aux Meadows is also notable for its connection with the attempted colony of Vinland established by Leif Erikson around the same period or, more broadly, with Norse exploration of the Americas. Records indicate that on 24 June he sighted land at a northern location believed to be somewhere in the Atlantic provinces. Among his lieutenants was a geographer named Samuel de Champlainwho promptly carried out a major exploration of the northeastern coastline of what is now the United States.

The relationship of french explorers with the northern united states and canada

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The Treaty of Aranjuez confirms the Spanish retrocession to France. Napoleon Bonaparte sells Louisiana to the United Statesa few weeks after sending a prefect to New Orleans to assume control. Three weeks later, in December, France officially cedes it to the United States.

Political and administrative organization[ edit ] It was not easy for an absolute monarchy to administer Louisiana, a territory several times larger than European France.

Louis XIV and his successors tried to impose their absolutist ambitions on the colony, often without giving the colonial administration enough financial means to do its work.

Henry IV, the first Bourbon king, was personally interested in foreign affairs. In the 17th century, the ministers Richelieu and later Colbert advanced colonial politics. Louis XIV and his ministers were worried about the size of the kingdom, over which they constantly competed with other European nations.

European rivalry and a game of political alliances greatly marked the history of Louisiana, in direct and indirect ways. Within those shifting conditions, the French desire to limit British influence in the New World was a constant in royal politics. Louis XIV took care to limit the appearance of intermediary bodies and countervailing powers in North America.

He did not want an assembly of notables or parliament. In the s, the colony was royal property. Between andthe French possession came under the control of Antoine Crozata rich businessman, then under that of the Mississippi Company created by John Lawwhich recruited immigrants to settle the colony.

InLouisiana reverted to royal rule. In contrast to Metropolitan Francethe government applied a single unified law of the land: But, the centralised government had difficulty maintaining communications over the long distance and sailing time that separated France from Louisiana.

Toward the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th, the colonists on the Gulf of Mexico were left almost completely to fend for themselves; they counted far more on the assistance of the Native Americans than on France.

The distance had its advantages: He dissolved the trading companies and took care to increase the production of the country and the colonies.

Being a mercantilisthe believed it was necessary to sell as much as possible and to reduce reliance on imports. He imposed a French monopoly on trade.

Colbert wanted to reduce the expenditure of the monarchy. It was, however, necessary to invest much money and to mobilize important human resources retain the American colony. Much work was done on the economic infrastructure factories, ports in metropolitan France, but the investment was not enough in Louisiana.United States History I.

Physical geography

Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. Notice. This website will change as a result of the dissolution of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada.

Consult the new Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada home page or the new Indigenous Services Canada home page.

The history of Canada covers the period from the arrival of Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago to the present day. Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Canada were inhabited for millennia by Indigenous peoples, with distinct trade networks, spiritual beliefs, and styles of social schwenkreis.com of these older civilizations had long faded by the time of the.

United States History I.

The relationship of french explorers with the northern united states and canada

Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. Coordinates. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

At million square miles ( million km 2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by .

Coordinates. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

At million square miles ( million km 2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire.

United States - Wikipedia