Non participant observation report

Evans-Pritchard[2] and Margaret Mead [3] in the first half of the twentieth century. It emerged as the principal approach to ethnographic research by anthropologists and relied on the cultivation of personal relationships with local informants as a way of learning about a culture, involving both observing and participating in the social life of a group. By living with the cultures they studied, researchers were able to formulate first hand accounts of their lives and gain novel insights. This same method of study has also been applied to groups within Western society, and is especially successful in the study of sub-cultures or groups sharing a strong sense of identity, where only by taking part may the observer truly get access to the lives of those being studied.

Non participant observation report

This article will throw light on the two important types of observation done in social research, i. Type 1 Participant Observation: The participant observation means watching the events or situation or activities from inside by taking part in the group to be observed.

He freely interacts with the other group members, participates in various activities of the group, acquires the way of life of the observed group or his own, and studies their behaviour or other activities not as an outsider but by becoming a member of that group.

So in this kind of observation the observer has to stay as a member in the group he wants to study. Some of the examples of studies using the method of participant observation are: The famous studies of Margaret Mead on primitive societies were also based on participant observation.

For the success of participant observation it is essential that the respondents being studied should not have any doubt about the intention of the research worker.

A fruitful result of participant observation is very much dependent upon the resourcefulness, tactfulness, personality manners and wit of the research worker. Advantages of Participant Observation: The following are the merits of participant observation: The natural behaviour of the respondent can be studied by participant observation.

When a group knows that they are going to be observed by a stranger, they feel conscious, uncomfortable and therefore neutrality in their behaviour and activity is lost. But in case of the participant observation, the respondents do not know that they are being observed.

So their behaviour is not constrained by the conscious feeling of being observed by a stranger. In participant observation, the observer has a very good rapport with the respondents. He has a very close primary relationship with the group members. Because of this he can participate in all activities from a close angle and thus can better interpret the situation than a non-participant observer.

Often in order to study the actual behaviour, the group research requires close participation and contact with the group members. Through participant observation the observer can make an intensive and inclusive study of the group and can gain into the real character of such group.

In participant observation the observer can better understood the feeling of the respondents than an outsider.

For example, a person who is actually living in a slum area can realise the feeling and hardship of the slum dwellers in a better way than an outsider.

The chief advantage of participant observation is that in it the observer gets an opportunity to interact with the group regarding various activities of them. He can thus learn the significance of these activities that are actually not open for observation. For example, if an observer participates in a religious ceremony of a tribe, viz.

It is generally easier for the respondent to describe about the event on right occasion than before or after it. Disadvantages of Participant Observation: In-spite of above advantages of participant observation it has also many disadvantages.

The following are the disadvantages of the participant observation: By becoming members of a group and participating very closely in it, the observer may lose his objectivity. His emotional and sentimental association with the group kills his impartiality and unbiased analysis.

He may develop some soft corner for that group member and because of this; he may often justify their evil activities as just activity.

Because of his close association and emotional participation with the group members the researcher creates a special position for himself in that group. He may be influenced or pleased by this and begins to support them blindly. Due to this he observes the things from his own personal point of view rather than scientific point of view.

Due to much familiarity many crucial events appear to the participant observer as of little or no significance.

Non-formal learning: mapping the conceptual terrain. A consultation report.

Therefore, he misses many of the important issues. But a stranger pays much attention even to a small thing, as this appears new to him.

Non participant observation report

In participant observation the observer is confines himself to a particular group.Nonparticipant observation is a data collection method used extensively in case study research in which the researcher enters a social system to observe events, activities, and interactions with the aim of gaining a direct understanding of a phenomenon in its natural.

Participant observation is one type of data collection method typically used in qualitative research. It is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly cultural anthropology, European ethnology, sociology, communication studies, human geography and social psychology.

Glossary - Bank of Canada Davidson, for their time and support in this project. This paper discusses the market impact of one such subculture, i.
How to Approach Writing a Field Report Observation of a field setting involves:
Home - Research Participant Portal The content represents the researcher's interpretation of meaning found in data that has been gathered during one or more observational events. How to Approach Writing a Field Report How to Begin Field reports are most often assigned in disciplines of the applied social sciences [e.

Unlike non-participant observations (in which the researcher only observe but serve no role), the researcher in participant observation has a legitimate role in the process (Posavac and Carey, ), such as being a chef’s assistant to learn more about cooking.

non-formal learning: mapping the conceptual terrain. a c onsultation r eport In this piece Helen Colley, Phil Hodkinson & Janice Malcolm provide a very helpful overview of different discourses around non-formal and informal learning and find that there are few, if any, learning situations where either informal or formal elements are completely absent.

Non-Participant Observation. Non-participant observation is observation with limited interaction with the people one observes. For example, some observational data can be collected unobtrusively (e.g. worn out carpet as indicators of .

Participant Observation Participant observation is a variant of the above (natural observations) but here the researcher joins in and becomes part of the group they are studying to get a Author: Saul Mcleod.

Observational learning - Wikipedia