Gender plays a definitive role in our future endeavours and pursuits

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Gender plays a definitive role in our future endeavours and pursuits

That is, we humans engage in the cultural behaviours of practicing femininity and masculinity.

Gender plays a definitive role in our future endeavours and pursuits

Most people exhibit a combination of what are believed to be binary opposing female and male traits such as, for example: Contemporary global culture is significantly based on this dualism, which is, however, being challenged by some significant future trends. One of the most significant cultural forces of the twentieth century has been feminism.

For example, spiritual eco feminists assert that the environmental challenges we are facing today partially arise from the binarism of civilisation versus nature, and the higher value attached to the former. Such binary thinking is in turn premised on the male versus female division and the overall patriarchal worldview.

This worldview envisions and promotes certain successful, powerful, dominating males to be at the top of the social hierarchy and over other weaker males, and women, other species and nature in general.

Gender issues are thus not simply side issues, to be relegated to the spheres of gender identities, sexuality and family. Rather, they are embedded in all that our human species believes and practices.

This includes how we commonly perceive our futures and how we engage with social innovation and change. The futures of gender To further describe contemporary processes and trends in relation to gender issues it is useful to outline three main scenarios for gender futures.

Each will have radically different implications for the future of our local communities and global society. Most commonly, it is perceived that these two genders are distinct, having separate spheres of influence and very different attributes; at the same time, it is the male side that is more highly valued.

This orientation exists in both more traditional social settings as well as in contemporary ones, albeit taking different forms.

To further enhance polarity between various genders, humans have engaged in certain bodily and spatial practices.

Some of the older practices i. And of course new means of enhancing ones femininity or masculinity through various forms of body art are constantly being invented.

Gender Issues: futures and implications for global humanity

Modern medicine and health science have allowed for physical manipulation of both female and male bodies towards place- and time-specific perceived ideals of femaleness and maleness.

Other cultural practices of affirming this polarity incorporate division between private and public spheres and the segregation of females and males within each respective sphere. This is diametrically opposite to the values of patriarchal societies that award a second grade status to anything womanly or feminine.

Radical forms of celebrating everything feminine are rare but do occur; at the more extreme and less common end are woman-centered heterosexual and lesbian separatism, female suprematism, matriarchy and gynarchy.

The ideal of an androgynous future was thus propagated among these groups but also in the context of a wider society. Some twentieth century socialist societies promoted an androgynous ideal of dress and behaviour not only in practice but also as an ideal future wherein sexual equality manifests.

Futurists Aburdene and Naisbett They also argued that as a group, women have better absorbed positive masculine traits, mostly because those were valued for centuries by male-dominated societies.

Developments in medical science would enable mutations such that we would be able to change gender as we wish, and alternate the procreative functions that we today associate only with one gender or the other.

If seen as a means to eliminate sexual stereotyping of human virtues, androgyny would be very close to some feminist ideals. Since division by gender is one of the oldest and most established divisions between humans, movement towards androgyny might be potentially liberating and revolutionary.

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But some feminists, for example Gloria Steinem, reject the concept of androgyny as it can lean towards conformist and unisex visions which are the opposite to the individuality and uniqueness envisaged in their understanding of feminism.

On the other hand, an ideal society would be one in which all differences would have freedom of expression. If the next centuries bring into reality reproduction external to the human body, the main reason for maintaining different social functions and roles for women and men would disappear, thus contributing to the formation of androgynous societies.

Androgynous societies might be also formed as a by-product of removing socially prescribed qualities for each gender, and we might see future societies consisting of humans, rather than of men and women.

The underlying assumption here is that physiologically, anatomically, neurologically, psychologically and culturally there exists a vast diversity among humans and to organise this diversity along one or two dimensions is unrealistic and detrimental. Terms such as third fourth, fifth gender, transgender, genderqueer, gender-bender, transsexual, intersexual, pangender and bigender are introduced Wikipedia.

Such scenarios of multiple gendered identities are not a recent invention and can be found through much of human history. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the general trend is towards this type of recognized multiplicity rather than towards forced uniformity.

This scenario is most likely for the future since there is no longer a simple answer to the question "Who is woman man? Positions which describe sexes as ultimately biological categories are now considered simplistic naturalism and essentialism.

Introduction

The development of medical science has further destabilized essentialist views of gender. The creation of a society in which every difference is able to find expression would be dear to the heart of liberals and most feminists.

A society which accepted multiple gender diversity would definitely create the greatest space for individual freedom and non-conformist persons. Ultimately, this will be another way of destabilizing the importance of gender in defying personal roles and functions within society.

This recognition is likely to be further enhanced by an overall shift towards individualism. As well, our contemporary frames of reference are global rather than being contained within particular societies and communities, therefore awareness of different ways of doing gender globally are only going to increase.

In turn, this awareness is likely to further the diversification of genders, gender roles and identities.Women and Men of the Past, Present, and Future: Evidence of Dynamic Gender Stereotypes in Ghana Show all authors.

Janine Bosak 1. Janine Bosak. 1Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland See all articles by this author. Search Google Sex differences in social behavior. A social-role interpretation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Google Scholar. Undoing Gender constitutes Judith Butler's recent reflections on gender and sexuality, focusing on new kinship, psychoanalysis and the incest taboo, transgender, intersex, diagnostic categories, social violence, and the tasks of social transformation.

The story of gender plays out all around us. More and more, celebrities are shining a spotlight on the subject. But more quietly, our children, parents, teachers, medical I am proud of our role in bringing a discussion about gender to the forefront.

You’ll find it across all of our media platforms—print, digital, and in our. As a humanist’s humanist, Spenser plays a key, emblematic role in this history as his careful and sparing use of the term “human” in its various forms points to the idea of humanity as a boundary condition, a description of a limit.

Constructing Gender and Sexuality Ch Essebtial. STUDY. Native American societies, do not fit neatly into man/women category with the standard masculine/feminine alignments of our society.

Gender often plays a role in the chores or privileges girls and boys are given. The importance of education is emphasized by society.

However, the role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions.

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