Critical thinking and read ch

Posted on November 30, by Scott Alexander [epistemic status: My bias is against the current college system doing much good.

Critical thinking and read ch

History and influences[ edit ] Bernays and Adorno[ edit ] Debord claims that in its limited sense, spectacle means the mass mediawhich are "its most glaring superficial manifestation. Clark argues that the spectacle came to dominate Paris during the Second Empire thanks to Haussmann's renovation of Paris.

Debord, however, said that the society of the spectacle came to existence in the late s.

Critical thinking and read ch

In a spectacular society, the system of commodity production generates a continual stream of images, for consumption by people who lack the experiences represented therein. The spectacle represents people solely in terms of their subordination to commodities, and experience itself becomes commodified.

The spectacle in general, as the concrete inversion of life, is the autonomous movement of the non-living. The value of a commodity is abstract and not tied to its actual characteristics. Much in the same way capitalism commodifies the material world, the situationists assert that advanced capitalism commodifies experience and perception.

Things that were once directly lived are now lived by proxy. Once an experience is taken out of the real world it becomes a commodity. As a commodity the spectacular is developed to the detriment of the real. It becomes a substitute for experience.

Recuperation politics As early asin the situationist manifestoDebord described official culture as a "rigged game", where conservative powers forbid subversive ideas to have direct access to the public discourse. Such ideas get first trivialized and sterilized, and then they are safely incorporated back within mainstream society, where they can be exploited to add new flavors to old dominant ideas.

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Recuperationa concept first proposed by Guy Debord[15] is the process by which the spectacle intercepts socially and politically radical ideas and images, commodifies them, and safely incorporates them back within mainstream society.

The concentrated spectacle[ edit ] The spectacle associated with concentrated bureaucracy.

Critical thinking and read ch

Debord associated this spectacular form mostly with the Eastern Bloc and Fascismalthough today mixed backward economies import it, and even advanced capitalist countries in times of crisis.

Every aspect of life, like property, music, and communication is concentrated and is identified with the bureaucratic class.

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The concentrated spectacle generally identifies itself with a powerful political leader. The concentrated spectacle is made effective through a state of permanent violence and police terror. The diffuse spectacle[ edit ] The diffuse spectacle is the spectacle associated with advanced capitalism and commodity abundance.

In the diffuse spectacle, different commodities conflict with each other, preventing the consumer from consuming the whole. Each commodity claims itself as the only existent one, and tries to impose itself over the other commodities: Irreconcilable claims jockey for position on the stage of the affluent economy's unified spectacle, and different star commodities simultaneously promote conflicting social policies.

The automobile spectacle, for example, strives for a perfect traffic flow entailing the destruction of old urban districts, while the city spectacle needs to preserve those districts as tourist attractions.Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy [Nils Ch Rauhut] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

THINKING IN PICTURES: Autism and Visual Thought

The word anecdote, phonetically pronounced, means a short verbal accounting of a funny, amusing, interesting event or incident. The story is usually a reminiscence from the teller's life but at best is a related story of fact, as opposed to a contrived work of fiction.

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The spectacle is a central notion in the Situationist theory, developed by Guy Debord in his book, The Society of the its limited sense, spectacle means the mass media, which are "its most glaring superficial manifestation." Debord said that the society of the spectacle came to existence in the late s.

The critique of the spectacle is a development and application of Karl.

Metaphilosophy, Contemporary | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy