Addressing the issue of obesity in america

Excerpt from Term Paper: To address this issue, several public advocacy campaigns have been developed. Healthy Peoplefor instance, under the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, is currently advocating to raise awareness about obesity and how to reduce the rising rates of it in the U. This paper will examine two scholarly articles about advocacy campaigns centered on fighting obesity, what they say, and what takeaways can be identified to help develop an effective advocacy campaign in the future.

Addressing the issue of obesity in america

Body-Mass-Index for age percentiles for girls aged 2 to 20 years of age.

Adult Obesity Facts | Overweight & Obesity | CDC

Health Risks Epidemiological studies show an increase in mortality associated with overweight and obesity. For example, a weight gain of 11 to 18 pounds increases a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes to twice that of individuals who have not gained weight, while those who gain 44 pounds or more have four times the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Health Risks Associated with Obesity. A gain of approximately 10 to 20 pounds results in an increased risk of coronary heart disease nonfatal myocardial infarction and death of 1. Overweight children and adolescents are more likely to become overweight or obese adults; this concern is greatest among adolescents.

Type 2 diabetes, high blood lipids, and hypertension as well as early maturation and orthopedic problems also occur with increased frequency in overweight youth. A common consequence of childhood overweight is psychosocial -- specifically discrimination.

Economic Consequences Overweight and obesity and their associated health problems have substantial economic consequences for the U.

Addressing the issue of obesity in america

The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is associated with both direct and indirect costs. Direct health care costs refer to preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services related to overweight and obesity for example, physician visits and hospital and nursing home care.

Indirect costs refer to the value of wages lost by people unable to work because of illness or disability, as well as the value of future earnings lost by premature death.

Age adjusted prevalence of overweight and obesity among U. The most recent data estimate that 13 percent of children aged 6 to 11 years and 14 percent of adolescents aged 12 to 19 years are overweight. Prevalence of overweight among U.

Addressing the issue of obesity in america

For example, overweight and obesity are particularly common among minority groups and those with a lower family income. Race and Ethnicity, Gender, and Age In general, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher in women who are members of racial and ethnic minority populations than in non-Hispanic white women.

Among men, Mexican Americans have a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity than non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic blacks. For non-Hispanic men, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among whites is slightly greater than among blacks. Age adjusted prevalence of overweight or obesity in selected groups from National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 3 from to Racial and ethnic disparities in overweight may also occur in children and adolescents.

Mexican American boys tended to have a higher prevalence of overweight than non- Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white boys. Non-Hispanic black girls tended to have a higher prevalence of overweight compared to non-Hispanic white and Mexican American girls.

Childhood Obesity Rates and Statistics

Among both men and women, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increases with advancing age until the sixth decade, after which it starts to decline. Men are about equally likely to be obese whether they are in a low or high socioeconomic group.

Among Mexican American and non-Hispanic black children and adolescents, family income does not reliably predict overweight prevalence. However, non-Hispanic white adolescents from lower income families experience a greater prevalence of overweight than those from higher income families.

First, overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of disease and death, as previously discussed. Weight loss results in lower blood pressure, lower blood sugar, and improved lipid levels.

Studies have shown that reducing risk factors for heart disease, such as blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, lowers death rates from heart disease and stroke. Therefore, it is highly probable that weight loss that reduces these risk factors will reduce the number of deaths from heart disease and strokes.

Trials examining the direct effects of weight loss on disease and death are currently under way.The annual State of Obesity: Strong policies can play a key role in addressing America’s obesity epidemic.

Feb 13,  · About 17% of American children ages 2 to 19, or 1 in 6, are obese. Further, the latest data continue to suggest that overweight and obesity are having a greater effect on minorities, including blacks and Hispanics. To reverse the obesity epidemic, community efforts should focus on supporting healthy eating and active living in a variety of settings. Learn about different efforts that can be used in early childhood care, hospitals, schools, and food service. Understanding Extreme Obesity. A healthy BMI ranges from - 25 kg/m2. If your body mass index is 40 or higher, you are considered extremely obese (or morbidly obese.) Check out the American Heart Association’s BMI calculator for adults to determine if your weight is in a healthy range.

Learn about national policy efforts to improve access to healthy foods, support physical activity and more. See All Policies. State Policies. Obesity is not just a problem of “girth control”; it is now considered a chronic disease by the American Medical Association, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American College of Endocrinology, The Endocrine Society, the Obesity Society, the American Society of Bariatric Physicians, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

References. 1. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's call to action to prevent and decrease overweight and obesity. Doctors use BMI to define severe obesity rather than a certain number of pounds or a set weight limit, because BMI factors weight in relation to height.

Obesity — Global Issues

How to Get Healthier If you’re extremely obese, taking action to lose weight and improve your health may seem overwhelming.

To reverse the obesity epidemic, community efforts should focus on supporting healthy eating and active living in a variety of settings. Learn about different efforts that can be used in early childhood care, hospitals, schools, and food service.

Nearly two-thirds of adult Americans are overweight or obese. Despite the attention of the health profession, the media, and the public, and mass educational campaigns about the benefits of healthier diets and increased physical activity, the prevalence of obesity in the United States has more than.

Community Efforts | Overweight & Obesity | CDC